Observatorio de Investigación y Desarrollo Tecnológico


  • REVISTA CUBANA DE MEDICINA GENERAL INTEGRAL//(VOL. 36, NUM. 3)

    Volumen: 36, Numero: 3, Páginas: [11]p.

    HIPERCOLESTEROLEMIA EN EL ADULTO MAYOR

    Abstract

    Introduction: dyslipidemia is associated with cardiovascular diseases in the elderly population; it is also related to risk factors such as age, life expectancy and fu fictional capacity. Aging as a social transformation of the 21st century constitutes an epidemiological situation associated with the risk factors of cardiovascular di 3eases, they are classified as modifiable (high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking, obesity) and non-modifiable (age, sex, background family members) Smoking potentiates this disease, just as high blood pressure and dyslipidemia multiply functional limitations. Objective: to describe hypercholesterolemia as a cardiovascular risk factor in older adults. Methods: a literature review study was carried out, through the systematic consultation of articles and books published in electronic databases such as: PubMed, Scielo, Dialnet, Cochrane plus, Redalyc, Elsevier, in addition to national and international organizations, during the January period June 2019. Health descriptors such as hypercholesterolemia, elde1y, risk factors and boolean (and) were used. Websites were also consulted such as: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Cardiovascular disease and diabetes, American Diabetes Association. Cardiovascular diseases end risk management. Conclusions: hypercholesterolemia is a modifiable risk factor; therefore, it is recommended to establish prevention strategies that positively modify the lifestyle of the elderly. In addition, the use of statins should be at a dose of moderate low intensity, drug interactions and adverse effects, the presence of comorbidities and life expectancy.


    Keywords


    hypercholesterolemia, older adult, risk factors


    Resumen

    Introducción. La dislipidemia está asociada a enfermedades cardiovasculares en Ia población adulta mayor; relacionado además a factores de riesgo como la edad, esperanza de vida y capacidad funcional. El envejecimiento como transformación social del siglo XXI, constituye una situación epidemiológica asociada a los factores de riesgo de las enfermedades cardiovasculares, se clasifican en modificables (hipertensión arterial, niveles elevados de colesterol, tabaquismo, obesidad) y no modificables (edad, sexo, antecedentes familiares). El tabaquismo potencia esta enfermedad, al igual que la hipertensión arterial y dislipidemia multiplican las limitaciones funcionales. Objetivo. Describir la hipercolesterolemia como factor de riesgo cardiovascular en adultos mayores. Métodos. Se realiza un estudio de revisión bibliográfica, mediante Ia consulta sistemática de artículos y libros publicados en bases de datos electrónicos como: PubMed, Scielo, Dialnet, Cochrane plus, Redalyc, Elsevier, además de organismos nacionales e internacionales, durante el periodo enero-junio 2019. Para la búsqueda de información se utilizaron descriptores en salud como hipercolesterolemia, adulto mayor, factores de riesgo y booleano (and). Tambien se consultaron páginas web como: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Cardiovascular disease and diabetes, American Diabetes Association. Cardiovascular Disease and Risk Management. Conclusiones. La hipercolesterolemia constituye un factor de riesgo modificable, por tanto, se recomienda establecer estrategias de prevención que modifiquen de manera positiva el estilo de vida del adulto mayor. Además, la utilización de estatinas debe ser en dosis de baja a moderada intensidad, considerando las interacciones farmacológicas y efectos adversos, presencia de comorbilidades y expectativa de vida.


    Palabras Clave


    hipercolesterolemia, adulto mayor, factores de riesgo





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